Web Server: Custom URL Rewrite Rule Tutorial

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To take control of Resin Web Server URL processing, you can create a custom Resin rewrite rule. Just like Resin's built-in <resin:Forward> rewrite tag, your custom rule can match on a URL. It can even use rewrite predicates like Resin's <resin:IfSecure> or <resin:IfHeader> or <resin:IfFileExists>.

A rewrite rule has two components:

  • the action, which is a servlet javax.servlet.FilterChain
  • the rule itself, which implements com.caucho.rewrite.DispatchRule

Once you write the action and the rule, you can use it in your WEB-INF/resin-web.xml just like any other rewrite rule.

In this example, we'll create a trivial rewrite rule that just displays the request URI and the target URI.


Using the rewrite rule in the resin-web.xml

To use your rule, you'll create an instance in the <web-app> using the standard CDI XML syntax.

The XML tag name "MyDebugRewrite" is your class name. The XML namespace "urn:java:org.example.mypkg" is your class package. Resin will create your MyDebugRewrite class, call the setters for "regexp" and "target" and add it as a new rewrite rule.


<web-app xmlns="http://caucho.com/ns/resin"

  <mypkg:MyDebugRewrite regexp="^/test/" target="/new/"/>


The FilterChain Action

The action for a rewrite rule is a standard Java Servlet FilterChain, implementing javax.servlet.FilterChain. Because Resin executes it just like a normal filter, you can do anything in your action that you can do in a filter. In this example, we just print the request URL and the rewrite target.

Since not all rewrite rules need a target, the target is optional. For example, the resin:NotFound rule doesn't have a target. The example include the target to show how it can be used.


package org.example.mypkg;

import javax.servlet.*;
import javax.servlet.http.*;
import java.io.*;

public class MyDebugFilterChain implements FilterChain {
  private String _target;

  public MyDebugFilterChain(String target)
    _target = target;

  public void doFilter(ServletRequest request,
                       ServletResponse response)
    throws ServletException, IOException
    HttpServletRequest req = (HttpServletRequest) request;

    PrintWriter out = response.getWriter();

    out.println("URI: " + req.getRequestURI());
    out.println("target: " + _target);

The Rewrite Rule

The example rewrite rule itself simply creates the MyDebugFilterChain action, allowing the AbstractTargetDispatchRule to handle the URL matching and any predicates. It's possible to override the parent behavior, for example if you want to add more complex requirements or complicated rewriting. (For example, for A/B testing.)

Since the default behavior supports rewrite predicates like <resin:IfSecure> and embedded filters, your custom rewrite rule will get those behavior automatically.


package org.example.mypkg;

import javax.servlet.*;
import javax.servlet.http.*;
import com.caucho.rewrite.*;

public class MyDebugRewrite extends AbstractTargetDispatchRule
  public FilterChain createDispatch(DispatcherType type,
                                    String uri,
                                    String queryString,
                                    String target,
                                    FilterChain next)
    return new MyDebugFilterChain(target);
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